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Considering the never ending conflict between Jews and Arabs, one might logically ask is Israel God’s chosen people? No doubt many a Christian has asked that question. But to get the answer we must look to Scripture.

And we will begin with a message from God to Abram referred to as the Abrahamic Covenant. “Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee: 2 And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: 3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed” (Gen 12:1-3).

From the above words we must note four things:
1. Abram was commanded by God to leave his homeland and family for a land he would be shown. That land would be Canaan as is noted in Gen 12:5.
2. God promised to make Abram a great nation and a blessing, and make his name great. That nation would be called Israel.
3. God promised that He would bless those that blessed Abram (as a person and as a nation) and curse those that cursed Abram (as a person and as a nation).
4. God promised that in Abram all families of the earth would be blessed

“And Abram took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother’s son, and all their substance that they had gathered, and the souls that they had gotten in Haran; and they went forth to go into the land of Canaan; and into the land of Canaan they came. And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him” (Gen 12:5;7).

As noted in verse 7 above, God reaffirmed to Abram that the land of Canaan would go to his seed. And as will later be noted, Abram’s seed would come down through his son Isaac, not through Ishmael as the Arabs would have us believe. Also, from Isaac, the seed would be through his son Jacob, later renamed Israel by God, the father of the Jewish nation that bears his name. Esau, Jacob’s twin and father of one line of Arabs, was not in the seed line. Note the following two passages:

In the Old Testament we read, “The burden of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi. 2 I have loved you, saith the LORD. Yet ye say, Wherein hast thou loved us? Was not Esau Jacob’s brother? saith the LORD: yet I loved Jacob, 3 And I hated Esau, and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wilderness” (Mal 1:1-3).

And in the New Testament we read, “As it is written, Jacob have I loved, but Esau have I hated. 14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid. 15 For he saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion. 16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy” (Rom 9:13-15).

“And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward: 15 For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever. 16 And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered. 17 Arise, walk through the land in the length of it and in the breadth of it; for I will give it unto thee” (Gen 13:14-17).

The above passage once again reaffirmed the land grant covenant. But now the massive size of that land is emphasized. And that covenant was still again affirmed by God in Genesis 15:18, which reads, “In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates.”

Not only had God promised Abram and his descendants a land called Canaan, but He also promised Abram a son. And when he was 99, God changed Abram’s name to Abraham, which we read as follows: “Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee” (Gen 17:5).

God also changed Abraham’s wife’s name from Sarai to Sarah. “And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be” (Gen 17:15).

Then God said He would bless Sarah and give Abraham a son through Sarah. “And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her” (Gen 17:16).

Note, this would be the line of Abraham’s seed, not through Ishmael who Abraham had fathered through the handmaiden Hagar. This fact is made clear in the following words:

“And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation. 21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year” (Gen 17:19-21).

Then in the 21st chapter of Genesis, we read that just as God had said, Sarah gave birth to a son when Abraham was age 100. And he was named Isaac as the Lord had commanded.

Please read Part II as it is a follow on and conclusion to the question is Israel God’s chosen people?

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